Many obstacles stand in the way of modular, extensible code. Some language constructs, such as pattern matching, are not easily extensible. Inherited code may not be type safe in the presence of extended types. The burden of setting up design patterns can discourage users, and parameter clutter can make the code less readable. Given these challenges, it is no wonder that extensibility often gives way to code duplication. We present our solution: Persimmon, a functional system with nested family polymorphism, extensible variant types, and extensible pattern matching. Most constructs in our language are built-in “extensibility hooks,” cutting down on the parameter clutter and user burden associated with extensible code. Persimmon preserves the relationships between nested families upon inheritance, enabling extensibility at a large scale. Since nested family polymorphism can express composable extensions, Persimmon supports mixins via an encoding. We show how Persimmon can be compiled into a functional language without extensible variants with our translation to Scala. Finally, we show that our system is sound by proving the properties of progress and preservation.